Food Hygiene and Preservation

Feb 8, 2015 by

Disasters usually strike when we least expect it. It’s very important that we are prepared to face such a situation. One of the main factors to consider is food supplies. How should your preserve your food so that it’s edible? What foods are best to store? If you need more information on this topic, have a look at this article.

Food Preservation and Protection 

Home canning

You can never go wrong with canning. You can preserve a variety of food products, from meats to fruits and vegetables, by canning them. The process includes packing the food into bottles, cans or glass jars and placing them over high heat. High temperature helps to eliminate all the bacteria that may cause the food to spoil in time.
Home canning requires a little work to be done. You need to know the basics of canning fruits and vegetables, the products you need and the time it will take you. But the end result is definitely worth it.



Drying

1024px-Raisins_01As you know, fruits and vegetables don’t have a long shelf-life, therefore they can hardly be used in cases of emergency unless you dry them. Drying (also known as dehydration) is a very popular method of preserving food without destroying its qualities. The best part is, as long as you keep it dry, your dried food will be able to live indefinitely. A simple method of drying food is by placing it in the sunshine so that the sun rays remove the water.

The method of drying prevents mould, yeasts and bacteria from growing into the produce because it is dehydrated. The food that can be preserved by means of drying ranges from shelled beans, peppers, herbs, celery, cereal grains, peas, pod beans and other vegetables, fruits, etc. The process may require that the produce is chopped or mashed in advance. Dried food can help you survive in cases of emergency when no other food is edible.

Vacuuming

Vacuuming helps to prevent air rotting and destroying of your food supplies. In cases of emergency, food is one of the basic things you need to survive. That’s why you need to find a way to preserve some for emergency situations. Vacuuming focuses on removing the air around the food so that it doesn’t spoil quickly.

What foods should your emergency kit include? (Keep in mind that the food must be high in calories to give you the nutrients and energy you need.)

• Dried crackers
• Jelly
• Dried fruit
• Canned vegetables and fruits
• Canned meat
• Peanut butter
• Powdered milk

PreservedFood1Food storage

• Before use, always inspect your food supplies
• Check regularly your food supplies to make sure they are edible
• Store food in a cool, dark and dry place to prevent it from going bad
• In cases of emergency you can also use dry mixes. Stores offer a bunch of them, so buy in advance and don’t wait for a disaster to hit.

How Much Food do You Need per Person?

You need to prepare food that will be sufficient for three days (per person). When it comes to how much food you should store per person, think two or three meals per day, depending on how much you tend to eat. If you have pets, don’t forget to store pet food as well.

Food Hygiene

Another very important question to consider when thinking about food in cases of emergency is hygiene. The food you eat should be clean, of course, for obvious reasons.

Always make sure you keep the surfaces where you store your food clean and free from bacteria. Use appropriate cleaning and disinfectant products to do the trick. Additionally, clean the tools you use to prepare your food and wash your hands well before handling the food to avoid cross-contamination.

The article is contributed by N5 CallCleaners.

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